Irina Barakaeva, Natalia Batugina & Vladimir Gavrilov
Existing approaches of state support of fuel and power delivery to the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and Polar regions of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) are discussed in the article. Considerable attention is focused on remotely located regions of Yakutia which are in more difficult conditions and have special features of goods delivery. Complicated transportation-logistic schemes of fuels delivery, difference in the launch and completion of river and marine navigation, ice roads, thousand kilometer length of the routes lead to a significant increase of time and costs of goods delivery and thus to deterioration of its quality. Since 2003, subventions from the Fund of Financial Support for the Russia’s Federal Subjects have not any longer been targeted. A general transfer is allocated by the federal budget subsidize Russian regions. Fiscal support of delivery of freights is carried out by means of transfer of subsidies from to the budget of the Sakha Republic and Chukotka as subsidy by an authorized operator of the governments, annually selected in bidding and performing goods delivery to the north. The advantages and disadvantages of the current system of fuel and power delivery to the Arctic regions of Yakutia and Chukotka are evaluated in the article. An effective way of strengthening energy safety in Yakutia and Chukotka and decreasing expenses is an arrangement of fuel mining locally to replace fuels transported from other regions.