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Arctic Yearbook 2012
ones. In the long term, a potential exists for three continents – Asia, Europe and North America – to
grow together in the North by a fully integrated Eurasian transport system.
This article is based on: Willy Østreng, Karl Magnus Eger, Arnfinn Jørgensen-Dahl, Brit
Fløistad, Lars Lothe, Morten Mejlænder-Larsen & Tor Wergeland. (2012).
Shipping in Arctic
Waters. A Comparison of the Northeast, Northwest and Transpolar Passages
. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
The viewpoints expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the
stand of the Norwegian Scientific Academy for Polar Research.
Regulations for Marine Operations headquarters on the Seaways of the NSR of 1976,
Regulations for Navigation of the Sea Ways of the NSR of 1991, Guide to Navigation through
the NSR of 1996, Regulations for Icebreaker-Assisted Pilotage of Vessels on the NSR of 1996,
Federal Law of Internal Sea Waters, Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone of July 1998, no. 155-
F3, and The Regulations for Navigation on the Sea Ways of the Northern Sea Route, Marine
doctrine of the Russian federation for the Period 2020 of 2001 and Tariffs for Icebreaking Fleet
Services on the Seaways of the NSR of 2005.
Althoff, W.F. (2007).
Drift Station. Arctic Outposts of Superpower Science
. Washington, D.C.: Potomac
AMSA. (2009).
Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment 2009 Report
, PAME, Arctic Council.
AMTW. (2004).
Arctic Marine Transport Workshop
(Joint report by the Institute of the North, U.S.
Arctic Research Commission and the International Arctic Science Committee). Anchorage:
the North. Retrieved
Атомный ледокол "Россия" закрыл сезон транзитных рейсов по Севморпути.
(2011). Retrieved (20.10.12) from
Bambulyak, A. & Frantzen, B. (2009). Oil transport from the Russian part of the Barents Region.
The Norwegian Barents Secretariat
Barentsobserver. (2010, September 22).
Iceland invites China to Arctic Shipping
. Retrieved (20.10.12)
Barentsobserver. (2011, November 29).
34 vessels in transit on Northern Sea Route
. Retrieved
(20.10.12) from,
Beluga Group. (2009).
Beluga Shipping Masters First Commercial Transit of the Northeast-Passage
(Internal paper). Bremen. On file with author.
Brigham L. (1995, January). Arctic Rendezvous.
US Naval Institute Proceedings
Brubaker, D. & Østreng, W. (1999). The Northern Sea Route Regime: Exquisite Superpower