Arctic Yearbook 2012
Poland and the Arctic: Between Science and Diplomacy
The other states accorded this status are: France, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and
Poland hosted the 25
Antarctic Treaty Conslutative Meeting in 2002, in Warsaw.
There are three EU member states among the AC Member States: Denmark, Finland, Sweden.
Two further Arctic states, Norway and Iceland are closely interconnected within the European
Economic Area. Moreover, Iceland applied for the EU membership in July 2009. Greenland left
the European Economic Community in 1985, but has a special relationship with the EU as one
of the Overseas Countries and Territories. For instance, Greenlanders have EU citizenship.
For a history of the station and Polish expeditions to Svalbard see: Puczko 2007. There are also
five seasonal Polish stations on Spitsbergen maintained by universities from Wroc
Comprehensive information about activities carried out in Hornsund can be found at the
station’s website: http://hornsund.igf.edu.pl/index_en.php.
British, Dutch and Italian stations operate seasonally and are not permanently manned. The
same apply to Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Indian stations. Thus, Polish and German-French
stations are the only year-round ones among the non-Arctic states. See:
The Agreement is available under this link:
For a brief overview of Polish activities under the IPY 2007-2008 see:
For information about the SAON Process see: http://www.arcticobserving.org/background.
See also: http://www.arcticobserving.org/board/board-members
Polish scientists are engaged primarily in the workings of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment
Programme (AMAP), e. g. the „Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost” (SWIPA) project.
For press release about the meeting see:
Except one SAO meeting in Ilulissat in April 2010 because of the volcanic ash cloud from
For instance, the first ever conference on new processes developing in the North entitled “On
Top of the World – Addressing Challenges of the Arctic Region” was organized by the Danish
and Norwegian Embassies in Warsaw and the Polish think-tank DemosEuropa, with support
from the Polish MFA in March 2010. The event was attended by several AC Senior Arctic
Officials and experts from the Arctic states and Poland. A year later, in March 2011, another
seminar “A More Accessible Arctic: Myths, Facts and Issues Ahead” was held at the Embassy of
Canada in Warsaw as a joint project of the Canadian diplomatic post and the Polish Institute of
For the first time Polish policy priorities within the AC and in the Arctic were publicly stated in
May 2008 in Tromsø, Norway by undersecretary of state Andrzej Kremer.